Gender in the CSA Discourse: Making the case for gender-smartness

WORKING PAPER SERIES | RIO+ | N0. 3 | JANUARY 2015 Authors: Leisa Perch and Rosaly Byrd, RIO+ Centre Contributions from Hlami Ngwenya and Aliness Mumba of FANRPAN 2014 is the Year for Family Farming and 2015 is the year in which a new development agenda (referred to as the post-2015 Agenda), Sustainable Development Goals and a new climate agreement are expected to be negotiated and approved. These events and other global developments define climate change and agriculture as two key anchors for development over the next fifteen (15) to thirty (30) years. In each of these intertwined discourses, (in)equality and more so, gender (in)equality, continue to play a pivotal and deciding role. Often determining the scale, scope and distribution of resources, tools and policies and how closely or not they align with realities on the ground. This working paper considers two critical questions of the Gender and Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) Assessment: 1) what should “gender” mean for CSA and how could this shape and inform the broader policy agenda at the national, regional and global level? 2) what specific gender gaps currently exist in CSA-relevant policies at the country level and how should this inform a framework for narrowing and eliminating this gap and the role of the CSA project in doing so? Through these questions we are able to analyze and assess the South African experience in this context and its similarities and differences with other global experiences. This, in turn, sheds light on the requirements of a truly inclusive and sustainable development agenda.

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