By Brenda Hada
On 26 June, the new edition of ECLAC's flagship annual report on issues of social development was launched in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil with the support of the RIO+ Centre and the BRICS Policy Center.
The Social Panorama 2016 report was presented by Laís Abramo, director of the Social Development Division of ECLAC. Ms. Abramo highlighted the central theme of this edition by drawing attention to how axes and aspects of social inequality intersect with and reinforce one another.
The study focuses on the measurement and analysis of diverse dimensions of social inequality in Latin America, which, according to ECLAC, is one of the main obstacles getting in the way of development. Upon signing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development promoted by the United Nations in 2015, all the countries of the region made a commitment to advance toward significantly reducing inequality.
The different chapters of the report address income disparities and the functional distribution of income; the evolution of social spending and challenges for financing policies; time distribution as an important dimension for analyzing inequality; and the reality of Afro-descendant populations in Latin America: who they are, where they are and in what numbers; what institutional and regulatory frameworks protect them; and what types of inequalities and discrimination they face, among other issues.
The document also examines inequalities over the cycle of life. Inter- and intra-generational gaps are analyzed for each stage (childhood and adolescence, youth, adulthood and old age) across dimensions related to health, education, work and social protection.