The universal Post-2015 development agenda which reaffirms the Future we Want framework, adopted at the Rio+20 Conference, reflects the real complexity of our interconnected world. To implement this ambitious plan of 17 goals and 169 targets, to be achieved by all countries until 2030, not only political will and real commitment are required, but also strong and sustainable partnerships. An inclusive approach will be necessary to implement effective follow-up and review mechanisms on the progress of the Post-2015 Agenda, which means that all countries and populations will be asked to participate in the creation of national SDG agendas and monitoring tools. Therefore, SDG 17 aims to “strengthen the means of implementation (MoIs) and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development”.
To make sustainable development truly global, SDG 17 carries the key contribution of discussing the Means of Implementation (MoIs):
- Financial instruments:
Finance – including innovative international resources, domestic revenues and the commitment of developed countries to spend 0.7% of their Gross National Income (GNI) on Official Development Assistance (ODA). Further, the Third International Conference on Financing Development has recently discussed the importance of adopting an agreement on financial mechanisms for the Post-2015 Agenda, concluding in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA), pointing the way to the mobilization of the resources, technologies, and partnerships which will be needed to realize the development milestones due to be agreed this year.
- Non-financial instruments:
Technology – emphasizing the importance of increased South-South-Cooperation to promote access to science, technology and innovation within developing countries, especially as regards to environmentally sound technologies
Multi-stakeholder partnerships – encouraging public-private and civil society partnerships and dialogue to empower people, and get them actively engaged in the Post-2015 Agenda to articulate citizens’ priorities to their national governments.
Data, monitoring and accountability – focusing on the need to empower countries’ databases and national monitoring indicators. The RIO+ Centre, in collaboration with the Brazilian Government, helped convene South American statistics agencies to strengthen the SDG indicators debate, laying the groundwork for their local and regional delivery.