On July 8th, over twenty ministries – including the Ministry of Foreign Relations, Ministry of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Aquaculture and Fisheries – from the Government of Brazil convened in Brasilia for the third meeting of the Inter-ministerial Working Group (IWG), a group created to deliberate the Brazilian position on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Post-2015 agenda. Representatives gathered to discuss an internal document, providing technical input and sharing their views on what key elements should be part of the new international agreement for development, following the 2015 deadline of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Since the end of the first meeting in March 2014, the IWG has been drafting this document in order to provide guiding principles for Brazilian negotiators as they enter the UN intergovernmental negotiation process that will define the SDGs. Of paramount importance in the Brazilian text are the roles of culture and livelihoods; and the reduction of inequality and poverty. The text stresses the Common but Differentiated Responsibility principle as the means to achieve the SDGs, above other alternatives; the importance of resuming the unmet MDGs; and calls for enhanced social participation as an approach to fully implement the SDGs. However, as the document itself is purely for internal strategizing and will be constantly evolving, the codenamed “Brazilian document” is unlikely to see publication, despite requests from certain participants. The meeting’s chair, Ambassador José Marcondes, explained that in July, the Open Working Group (OWG) will end its activities and will present its results to the UN General Assembly (GA). The group will reconvene sometime after the 13th and last OWG session in July, and prior to the GA meeting in September.